Updated February 12, 2021.
Diabetes comes in two forms. In type 1 diabetes, usually diagnosed in children and young adults, the pancreas does not make enough insulin, a hormone that is used to convert food into energy. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas makes a lot of insulin, but the body becomes resistant to its own insulin. Type 2 diabetes is most common in adults, but is now diagnosed in many children too.
These two types of diabetes both affect blood sugar, but they are actually different diseases with different causes and treatments. Here are some of the lesser-known factors that can increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
The development of diabetes involves a complex mix of lifestyle factors, environmental factors, and genetics. The risk of developing diabetes is higher when you are closely related to someone who has the disease. If someone in your immediate family has diabetes, your risk is two to three times higher, and even higher if you have more than one affected first-degree relative.
2. Race / ethnicity
While race / ethnicity doesn’t necessarily directly increase your risk of diabetes, there are health differences in the United States between rates of type 2 diabetes among different races and ethnic groups. Indians have some of the highest rates of type 2 diabetes, followed by Hispanic / Latin X, African and Asian Americans. The factors that lead to this inequality are complex, but discrimination, access to care, and the built environment (e.g. food deserts or lack of green spaces) all play a role in why we see these differences.
This should come as no surprise, but the dramatic increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes is in large part due to the dramatic increase in obesity in our population. The link between obesity and diabetes is even greater in children and adolescents than in adults, and since many of the main effects of diabetes – heart disease, kidney disease, and nerve damage – only develop after years of illness, the epidemic hits children are of particular concern. The good news: lose weight, and in most cases diabetes will go away too.
4. Fat distribution
If you’re overweight, your risk of developing diabetes depends in part on where you put those extra pounds. Central or abdominal fat is associated with a higher risk than fat in the buttocks and thighs – the latter is more common in women than men.
5. Food habits
Consuming lots of red (especially processed) meat and sugary drinks is a major risk factor. On the other hand, a diet high in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, nuts, and olive oil lowers your risk. Dairy products also appear to reduce the risk of diabetes, but it is unclear whether the beneficial effects can be attributed to dairy products or whether dairy products are used as a substitute for unhealthy foods.
6. Coffee consumption
Good news for you coffee drinkers – there is evidence of a lower risk of diabetes when drinking coffee. Green tea appears to have a similar protective effect. However, increasing your coffee consumption is no substitute for a good diet and an active lifestyle.
7. Sedentary lifestyle
No wonder, because a sedentary lifestyle increases the risk of diabetes. If you want to reduce the chances of developing diabetes, you need to exercise. Excessive screen time is linked to a higher risk of diabetes as it prevents us from being active. So take a break and move around before clicking on the next episode for your Netflix binge.
The risks of cancer and cardiovascular disease receive the most attention when it comes to the negative effects of smoking. However, several studies have also confirmed a link between cigarette smoking and diabetes.
9. Sleep habits
There seems to be a link between diabetes and too little sleep – only five to six hours a night – and too much sleep – more than eight to nine hours. Studies have also confirmed a link between obstructive sleep apnea and diabetes.
10. Gestational diabetes
Some women develop impaired sugar metabolism during pregnancy that disappears after delivery. But later on, these women are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. There is also evidence that children of mothers with gestational diabetes are at increased risk of developing diabetes later.
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Malcolm enjoys being at the forefront of patient care, addressing diagnostic and therapeutic challenges with a compassionate, inclusive approach that emphasizes close collaboration between clinician and patient. He is the author and editor-in-chief of several best-selling medical textbooks and online resources, and has extensive expertise in dealing with a variety of topics, including the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and sports injuries. Malcolm graduated magna cum laude from Amherst College, received his PhD from Duke University and completed his internal medicine studies at New England Deaconess Hospital and Temple University Hospital at Harvard. He joined One Medical from his award-winning national internal medicine practice in Pennsylvania and has been an attending physician at Bryn Mawr Hospital since 1986. He is certified by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Malcolm is part of the One Medical Group and serves patients in our New York offices.
The One Medical blog is published by One Medical, an innovative primary care practice with offices in Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, Orange County, Phoenix, Portland, San Diego, the San Francisco Bay Area, Seattle, and Washington , DC.
General advice posted on our blog, website or app is for informational purposes only and does not replace or replace medical or other advice. The companies of the One Medical Group and 1Life Healthcare, Inc. make no representations or warranties, and expressly disclaim any liability with respect to any treatment, action, or effect on anyone who follows general information posted on or via the blog or website offered or provided. or app. If you have a specific concern or a situation occurs where you need medical advice, you should contact an appropriately trained and qualified medical provider.
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1Life Healthcare Inc. published this content on February 12, 2021 and is solely responsible for the information contained therein. Distributed by the public, unedited and unchanged, on February 13, 2021 3:16:03 PM UTC.
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