Analysis exhibits resistance coaching will help cut back sort 2 diabetes threat


Photo credit: Oakland University

A group of researchers from Oakland University used data from medical studies around the world to study the effects of weight training on type 2 diabetes risk.

Their results, published in the journal Sports Medicine, showed that strength training, such as weight lifting and weight training, is helpful in controlling blood sugar and fat levels (LDL, HDL, and triglycerides) – two of the top risk factors for type 2 for diabetes – in high-risk patients.

“Previous studies have shown that resistance training is effective in controlling glycemic (blood sugar) and lipid levels in adults who already have type 2 diabetes,” said Raza Qadir, a recently completed OUWB graduate and lead author on the study. “Our research has shown that resistance training is useful in controlling these variables in addition to reducing body fat in people at risk for developing the disease.”

Together with Qadir, Elise Brown, Assistant Professor at the School of Health Sciences at OU, Taylor Todd, Student at the School of Health Sciences at OU and Nicholas Sculthorpe, Professor at the School of Health and Life Sciences at the University of the West of Scotland, were co-authors of the paper. Brown also served as a faculty mentor for Qadir.

The OU researchers pulled data from controlled clinical trials tracking cardiometabolic outcomes in adults at risk of type 2 diabetes and compared those who had a resistance training intervention with those who did not. Cardiometabolic outcomes relate to common risk factors associated with both cardiovascular disease (e.g., coronary artery disease) and metabolic disorders (e.g., obesity, type 2 diabetes) such as abnormal blood fat and blood sugar levels, high blood pressure, and increased abdominal fat.

Sculthorpe performed the data analysis that showed that resistance training, when done for at least 12 weeks, lowered blood sugar, body fat, and blood lipids in adults at risk for type 2 diabetes.

“These results have implications for efforts to prevent type 2 diabetes,” Qadir said, adding that long-term studies are needed to determine whether regular weight training can prevent the disease altogether. “If we can prevent the disease, we can avoid the health complications and costs associated with it.”

The complications are many. These include nerve, kidney and vision problems as well as an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death worldwide. In addition, type 2 diabetes affects more than 400 million people worldwide and the annual cost is estimated at $ 1.3 trillion.

Looking at the data, the researchers found that the clinical trials that showed the most significant improvements in cardiometabolic outcomes in patients at risk for type 2 diabetes used specific exercise parameters – namely, the use of free weights or resistance bands at intensities above 60% one. Repetition maximum, with 10 to 15 repetitions at the same time. This means that a person is using an intensity that is over 60% of the maximum resistance they can move through a reasonable range of motion with the right technique for one repetition.

These results are in line with the American Diabetes Association and American College of Sports Medicine training recommendations for adults with type 2 diabetes, Qadir said. He found that strength training not only supports cardiometabolic health, but also improves athletic performance, body composition, and bone density.

“These benefits only strengthen the case for resistance training,” he said.

Qadir began work on the project as M1 in OUWB’s Embark program, which provides students with scientific research experience under the direction of a faculty mentor. His responsibilities in the project included design and conception of the study, screening of titles, abstracts and full-text articles, data extraction, bias risk assessment, and manuscript drafts and revisions. Qadir credits his faculty mentor Elise Brown for making his experience immensely valuable.

“She was the best mentor I could have asked for,” he said. “She gave me full responsibility while guiding me through every step of the research process.”

Qadir graduated from OUWB in May and will serve a transitional period at St. Mary Mercy Livonia Hospital before completing advanced specialist training in anesthesiology at the University of Chicago Medical Center. He believes his research experience will make him a better doctor for his future patients.

“As doctors, we should be experts in critically evaluating medical literature,” he said. “Because data is often misused or misinterpreted, leading to conflicting reports and public confusion. Patients will seek our opinions on these issues, so we need to be able to evaluate the studies ourselves and provide the most accurate. “Information.”

He added, “This whole experience has given me an appreciation for everything that goes into research and will hopefully boost my career and allow me to do more research in the future.”

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More information:
Raza Qadir et al., Effectiveness of Resistance Training and Associated Program Features in Patients at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, Sports Medicine – Open (2021). DOI: 10.1186 / s40798-021-00321-x

Provided by Oakland University

Quote: Research Shows Strength Training Can Help Reduce Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes (2021, June 17), accessed June 20, 2021 from -diabetes.html

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