Diabetes kind 2: Urine leakage, constipation and diarrhoea are signs


Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition in which the body does not make enough insulin or the insulin it makes is not absorbed by the cells. Insulin is responsible for regulating blood sugar – the main type of sugar in the blood. Without insulin, blood sugar levels rise uncontrollably and this deterioration can cause a cascade of problems.

Some of the most acute problems fall under the umbrella of neuropathy – a general term for nerve damage caused by high blood sugar levels.

There are different types of neuropathies, and symptoms will depend on the type of nerve damage you have and the nerves affected.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), bladder or bowel problems are linked to autonomic nerve damage.

Autonomic nerve damage affects the heart, bladder, stomach, intestines, genital organs or eyes.

READ MORE: Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms: Five Warning Signs of High Blood Sugar in Your Eyes

Bladder or bowel problems typically come in the form of urine leakage, constipation, or diarrhea.

Other warning signs are:

  • Nausea, loss of appetite, and vomiting
  • Changes in the adjustment of your eyes from light to dark
  • Decreased sexual response, including difficulty erecting in men or vaginal dryness in women.

How should one answer

According to the NHS, if you have any of the symptoms of type 2 diabetes or are concerned that you are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, you should see a family doctor.

“You will need a blood test, which you may need to go to your local health center for if your general practitioner cannot do it,” explains the health body.

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The sooner diabetes is diagnosed and treatment started, the better.

As the NHS points out, early treatment reduces the risk of other health problems.

What happens next

After a formal diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, you will usually be advised to make lifestyle changes to lower blood sugar levels.

There is nothing you can’t eat when you have type 2 diabetes, but you do need to limit certain foods.

Low or medium GI foods break down more slowly and cause blood sugar levels to rise gradually over time.

They include:

  • Some fruits and vegetables
  • Impulses
  • Whole grain products like porridge.

Exercise helps lower blood sugar levels – you should aim for 2.5 hours of activity per week, says the NHS.

That could be:

  • Fast walking
  • climb stairs
  • More strenuous housework or gardening.